In America, age 14 is the first year you are allowed to get a real job by law. So congratulations if you just turned 14!
There are however, restrictions on both the hours you can work and they types of jobs you can have. If you want to go to the official government site for this please go here.
Children that are 14 and 15 years old can work when school is not in session. They may have an assortment of jobs that are not in manufacturing, mining, or can be classified as hazardous. Additionally they must not work:
- More than 3 hours a day on school days, including Fridays;
- More than 18 hours per week in school weeks;
- More than 8 hours a day on non-school days;
- More than 40 hours per week when school is not in session.
There are more rules for both 14 and 15 year olds and that is that they cannot work prior to 7:00 a.m. or after 7:00 p.m. for most of the year. The exception to this is from June 1 until Labor Day during which the hours they can work are up till 9:00 p.m. There is another exemption for kids who are part of the Work Experience and Career Exploration Program and they can be work up to 23 hours per week when school is on and also 3 hours on school days (including during school hours).
The reason for these laws is that society as a whole wants to protect young children from injury and harm as well as make sure they don’t do any jobs that are too hard for them. This means that jobs for 14 year olds such as the ones listed below will be off limits:
- communications or public utilities jobs
- construction or repair jobs
- driving a motor vehicle or helping a driver
- manufacturing and mining occupations
- power-driven machinery or hoisting apparatus other than typical office machines
- processing occupations
- public messenger jobs
- transporting of persons or property
- workrooms where products are manufactured, mined or processed
- warehousing and storage.